Advantages and Disadvantages of Mammography Screening
Although it has its side effects, mammography screening is a program offered at a certain cost and in intervals, and is designed for the purpose of early cancer detection which assists in lowering the rates of deaths and also improving therapeutic options. Mammography is currently the only method proved to be capable of solving the above issues. Starting with the advantages, the following paragraphs will expound on 3 of the benefits of mammography screening and 3 of its shortcomings.
The first and main advantage of mammography screening is mortality reduction but has a challenge in evaluation because death due to cancer occur during the advanced stages period making it hard to assess for this one type of cancer. Mortality reduction is currently estimated between 15% to 30% in a study where 70% of the women did not participate in the program and it is estimated to exceed 35% for those participating.
The other advantage of mammography screening is the improvement of the probability of early disease treatment through early detection which leads to reduced mastectomies number, reduced chemotherapy, and better results in the case of breast conservation.
Lastly, on advantages, mammography has enabled the installation of futuristic infrastructure that has been set up to improve coordination and cooperation between diagnosis disciplines which experienced a critical analysis where detection without subsequent assessments happened, something that has helped to improve the quality assurance of the diagnostic chain.
The first and most risk disadvantage is that this program exposes the woman to radiation risks and other risks seeing that with the modern methods of mammography and mammography digital techniques offer dosages of 4 mGy per breast, which however declines with age where those beyond 40 years of age have a very minimal risk of dying due to breast cancer.
The second con of the mammography screening is that, like the other medical tests, there is a risk of it giving a false alarm, where the screening may detect abnormalities that require some more intense analysis but turn out to benign even for the second time, making the women who go and never come back for subsequent screens live with a false alarm that they have cancer in their minds. read more now
Lastly, there the risk of over diagnosis whereby some additional cancers detected may not have come to affect the person if the screening was not done and detecting them does not reduce death rates and this can be proved by the fact that a screened population of the same composition and age tend to have more breast cancers than the unscreened population with the same composition and age.
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